دوره 8، شماره 2 - ( 1-1399 )                   جلد 8 شماره 2 صفحات 101-106 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Ahmadzadeh Amiri A, Sheikhrezaee M R, Ahmadzadeh Amiri A. Myopia Progression in Low Birth Weight Infants: A Narrative Review. J. Pediatr. Rev. 2020; 8 (2) :101-106
URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-243-fa.html
Myopia Progression in Low Birth Weight Infants: A Narrative Review. Journal of Pediatrics Review. 1399; 8 (2) :101-106

URL: http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-243-fa.html


چکیده:   (2700 مشاهده)
Context: Low birth weight infants are prone to an altered ocular development in childhood, resulting in refractive errors of the eye. Myopia (short-sightedness) is the most common refractive error of the eye that reduces vision.
Evidence Acquisition: A PubMed literature search was conducted using the following search terms: “low birth weight infant", “myopia", “prematurity", and “refractive error".
Results: The underlying cause of myopia is usually excessive growth of the eye, which is under the influence of early-life pressure on human growth. Children with low birth weight have significantly shallower anterior chamber depth and thicker lens. At the ages of 10-12 years, preterm children have an increased likelihood of all types of refractive errors. However, in low birth weight children, a 1 diopter of myopic change occurs over the first decade of life.
Conclusions: The progression of myopia is higher in children with low birth weight, suggesting that prematurity and low birth weight may simultaneously affect the development of optical components, leading to myopia.
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نوع مطالعه: Narrative Review |
دریافت: 1398/3/21 | پذیرش: 1398/6/23 | انتشار: 1399/1/13

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