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1- MSc Student in Emergency Nursing. Student Research Comittee, Mazandaran Univeresity of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
2- Professor. Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
4- Associate professor, Health Science Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (97 Views)
Background: Distraction is a technique that has had positive effects on reducing children's pain during painful interventions such as venipuncture, replacing the burn dressing. Based on the available data, there are very few articles about  the application of this technique when suturing children.
Objectives: This study was designed to determine the effect of distraction by watching cartoons on the level of pain at preparation before suturing children in  the emergency ward.
Methods: This study is a Randomized Controlled Trial. The research population consisted of all 3-12-year-old children, who were referred to the emergency ward of Bu Ali Sina Hospital in Sari. 43 subjects were included from each group. In the intervention group, playing cartoons was initiated on tablets from the time of placing the child on the bed for suturing, and continued until the end of anesthetic injection, with this time being recorded. In the control group, the suturing was performed conventionally. The behavioral reactions of both groups were measured based on the pain behavioral reactions scale two times. The first time was at the time of placing the child on the bed and before cleaning for the anesthetic agent, while the second time immediately after injecting the anesthetic agent was observed and recorded by the researcher.
Results: mean comparison of pain before injecting the anesthetic agent (after playing the cartoon) showed a significant difference between the intervention and control groups based on Mann- Whitney test (p=0.000). The mean comparison of pain immediately after termination of anesthetic injection also showed a significant difference in both the intervention and control groups based on Mann-Whitney test (p=0.000). Based on the results of the present research, the pain was lower in the intervention group at both times before anesthetic injection and immediately after its termination was lower in the control group.
Conclusions: The results suggested that distraction from watching cartoons has a positive effect on reducing the pain of preparation before suturing children. So, this technique can be used in emergency departments.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2022/01/8 | Accepted: 2022/03/30

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