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1- Ph.D of Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. , v_saleh1365@yahoo.com
2- Associoat professor of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (430 Views)
Background: Overweight and obesity is a prominent threat to pediatric health and the worldwide prevalence of childhood obesity has been increasing dramatically.
Objectives: The effect of 8-weeks anaerobic gymnastic training on weight loss and related growth factors in obese children.
Methods: in this clinical trial study, thirty obese elementary gymnasts age 8-12 years old were randomly divided to control (n = 15) and experimental (n = 15) groups. The experimental group performed 45 minutes anaerobic gymnastics training. Anthropometrical and body composition characteristics, maximal oxygen consumption, and the levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor were measured before and after 8-weeks of training.
Results: At the baseline, there were not any significant differences for any of the dependent variables between two groups (p≥0.05). After 8 weeks of training the value of the weight, waist-hip ratio, body fat%, body fat weight, lean body weight, and maximal heart rate decreased significantly (P<0.05) and VO2max, and BDNF increased significantly (P<0.05).
Conclusions: We concluded that weight loss due to anaerobic gymnastic training may cause a high serum concentration of BDNF. High BDNF may help in maintaining a reduced weight after intervention for obesity and may increase the oxidation of fat. The inhibitory effect of weight loss on VEGF may have abolished the stimulatory effect of exercise and prevent a significant increase in the VEGF level.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2021/10/29 | Accepted: 2021/11/27

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