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1- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Kidney Transplantation Complications Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , azarfara@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (51 Views)
Enuresis is a common problem that affects up to 15% of fiveyearold children and may have significant psychological, emotional, and social consequences for both the child and his or her family. The inability of toilet-trained children to hold urine during the night is known as enuresis, which can be classified as primary and secondary. Secondary enuresis occurs in children who have had a dry duration of more than six months; otherwise, it is called primary enuresis. The initial evaluation of enuresis needs a detailed medical history and a careful physical examination with no need for radiology and invasive procedures. The treatment's mainstay is non-pharmacological treatments such as behavioral intervention, followed by pharmacotherapy. This comprehensive review aims to summarize the available data on the epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, evaluation, and treatment of children with enuresis.
Full-Text [PDF 748 kb]   (38 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Pediatric Nephrology
Received: 2021/07/15 | Accepted: 2022/06/19

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