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1- PhD Candidate of Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Professor, Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , msimbar@gmail.com
3- Gynecologist, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Pol-e Dokhtar, Iran.
4- PhD in Reproductive Health, Assistant Professor, Mother and Child Welfare Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (395 Views)
Context: AIDS is one of the deadliest infectious diseases in the world and, according to the WHO, the only effective way to prevent AIDS is health education. Accordingly, high-risk and vulnerable groups, including adolescents, should be given priority in educational programs.
Objectives: As a systematic review, the present study was conducted to investigate the effect of model-based educational interventions on the promotion of AIDS-preventive behaviors in Iranian adolescents.
Data sources: Databases including Scopus, PubMed/Medline,Web of science, ISC,Google Scholar and Persian databases such as Magiran, SID and IranDoc were searched for eligible articles.
Study selection: Keywords such as "Adolescent," "Health model," "Education," "HIV," "Iran" and "Knowledge" were selected based on MESH and were combined with Boolean OR and AND operators. A total number of 1359 related articles published from 1st April 2005 to 1st May 2020 were searched, and finally, two researchers independently reviewed the articles for screening and selection. The main criteria for the inclusion of the studies were Iranian Persian and English studies and model-based educational interventions.
Data extraction: Data extraction was performed by two researchers using a researcher-made form and EPHPP quality assessment tool. The information of the selected studies including the name of the first author, aim, design and main results were recorded in a table.
Results: Of the 12 final articles with the total sample size of 2013 adolescents, eight were from the Iranian databases and four from the English databases. Based on the results, it was shown that although Health belief model is the most prevalent framework in designing educational interventions related to AIDS-preventive behaviors, it does not seem appropriate for changing long-term behaviors. It was also indicated that social Cognitive Theory based educational interventions, despite increasing adolescents' awareness, have not had much effect on their attitudes. Theory of Planned Behavior based educational interventions also improve attitudes and significantly increase rejection skills while delay risky AIDS-related suggestions in students.
Conclusion: The types of model-based educational interventions, can be effective in increasing the knowledge of adolescents and promoting their HIV-related attitudes, cognitive and functional perceptions. Given their effectiveness, the design and implementation of such interventions is recommended in schools.
 
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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Pediatric infection disease
Received: 2021/04/30 | Accepted: 2022/04/20

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