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1- Dental Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Dentistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Burn Research Center, Shahid Motahari Burns Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , behnamsobouti@gmail.com
Abstract:   (124 Views)
Context: A novel coronavirus has emerged from Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Dental health-care providers are at the highest risk of exposure since the primary virus spread tool is saliva, and dentists are the front-line personnel working with the oral cavity. Since the orthodontic treatment is a long-term procedure for children and teenagers, and because of the critical gap in preparing a specific guideline on orthodontic treatment procedures, orthodontic practitioners have faced numerous complicated issues. This short review aimed to summarize the facts that the orthodontic settings should be aware of the dental difficulties in the age of COVID-19 with a particular focus on orthodontic treatment.
Evidence Acquisition: In this short review, electronic databases including MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google scholar were searched for relevant articles and guidelines from January 2019 to March 2021 using following terms: “COVID-19”, “SARS-CoV-2”, “Pandemic”, “Orthodontics”, and “Orthodontists”.
Results: Gathering recommendations of experts and several guidelines led to the following crucial steps in orthodontic procedures: screening through tele-health questionnaire, allow patients alone into the dental center, ventilating the waiting room, measure the temperature of patients’ body, disinfecting the dental unit and instruments after each visit, using personal protective equipment, washing hands, minimizing the use of high-speed handpieces in order to reduce the aerosol generation, sterilization of archwires, orthodontic markers, photographic retractors, molar bands, burs, miniscrews, and unit waterline through proper methods.
Conclusion: All of the dentists need to be up-to-date on cross-transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and follow the international infection control protocols in addition to national/provincial/local guidelines and apply to the regional settings after generalization and matching with the condition.
Full-Text [PDF 690 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Dentistry
Received: 2021/04/17 | Accepted: 2021/08/11

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