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1- Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.; Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Diabetes Research Center, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
3- Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
4- Department of clinical pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
5- Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. , setiladalili1346@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (95 Views)
Background: COVID-19 is an unrecognized virus that is a challenge for all comorbid conditions including diabetes mellitus(DM). Although, DM is not determined as a definite risk factor of COVID-19 in childhood, clinicians should consider the potential association between DM and COVID-19.
Objectives: This study aimed to review of COVID-19 and diabetes mellitus in children. 
Methods: ISI web of science, PubMed and Google scholar were investigated to find appropriate articles regarding COVID-19 and DM.
Results:  Data revealed there are 50% higher fatal outcomes of COVID-19 in DM children than healthy ones. Based on the importance of DM in children, it seems considering T1DM and its consequences on COVID-19 is mandatory.
Conclusion: Understanding their pathophysiology and the mechanism is helpful for better management. These considerations can help clinicians make better decisions about the treatment modalities, sick day management, and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) treatment.
Full-Text [PDF 1613 kb]   (55 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Pediatric Endocrinology
Received: 2021/04/4 | Accepted: 2021/07/20

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