Journal of Pediatrics Review

Published by: Kowsar

Road Traffic Injuries Among Iranian Children and Adolescents: An Epidemiological Review

Salar Behzadnia 1 , * and Soheila Shahmohammadi 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
2 Research Fellow, Infectious Disease Research Center with Focus on Nosocomial Infection, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, IR Iran
Article information
  • Journal of Pediatrics Review: January 28, 2016, 4 (1); e4780
  • Published Online: January 26, 2016
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: November 22, 2015
  • Revised: December 19, 2015
  • Accepted: December 21, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/jpr-4780

To Cite: Behzadnia S, Shahmohammadi S. Road Traffic Injuries Among Iranian Children and Adolescents: An Epidemiological Review, J Pediatr Rev. 2016 ;4(1):e4780. doi: 10.17795/jpr-4780.

Copyright © 2016, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Discussion
4.1 . Conclusions
  • 1. UNICEF . Road Traffic Injuries in Iran and their Prevention, A Worrying Picture. 2014;
  • 2. Bhalla K, Shahraz S, Bartels D, Lozano R, Murray C. Road Traffic Injuries in Mexico. Harvard University Initiative for Global Health. Road Traffic Injury Metrics Group. 2008;
  • 3. Odero W, Garner P, Zwi A. Road traffic injuries in developing countries: a comprehensive review of epidemiological studies. Trop Med Int Health. 1997; 2(5): 445-60[PubMed]
  • 4. Soori H, Nasermoadeli A, Ainy E, Hassani SA, Mehmandar MR. Association between mandatory seatbelt laws and road traffic injuries in Iran. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2011; 42(6): 1540-5[PubMed]
  • 5. Meerding WJ, Mulder S, van Beeck EF. Incidence and costs of injuries in The Netherlands. Eur J Public Health. 2006; 16(3): 272-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Grossman DC. The history of injury control and the epidemiology of child and adolescent injuries. Future Child. 2000; 10(1): 23-52[PubMed]
  • 7. Karkhaneh M, Naghavi M, Rowe BH, Hagel BE, Jafari N, Saunders LD. Epidemiology of bicycle injuries in 13 health divisions, Islamic Republic of Iran 2003. Accid Anal Prev. 2008; 40(1): 192-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Haghparast-Bidgoli H, Saadat S, Bogg L, Yarmohammadian MH, Hasselberg M. Factors affecting hospital length of stay and hospital charges associated with road traffic-related injuries in Iran. BMC health serv res. 2013; 13(1): 281[PubMed]
  • 9. Arhamidoulatabadi A, Hedari K, Hatamabadi HR, Vafaei A. Frequency of lower limb injuries and their Causes among motorcycle accident admitted into Imam Hossein hospital during one year. J Saf Prom Injur Prev. 2013; 1(1): 26-31
  • 10. Zargar M, Sayyar Roudsari B, Shadman M, Kaviani A, Tarighi P. Pediatric transport related injuries in Tehran: the necessity of implementation of injury prevention protocols. Injury. 2003; 34(11): 820-4[PubMed]
  • 11. Ghorbani A, Rabiei MR, Charkazi A. Epidemiology of trauma due to collision in shahid motahari hospital of Gonbad-e-Kavous city. Sci J Forensic Med. 2009; 15(53): 29-34
  • 12. Javid M, Shahcheraghi GH, FRCS (C) F A , Lahij FA, Farhadi A, Akasheh GA, et al. Road Traffic Injuries in Children. Am J Orthop. 2006; 3(4): 1-6
  • 13. Entezami N, Hashemi-Nazari SS, Soori H, Khosravi A, Ghadirzadeh MR. Epidemiology of fatal road traffic accidents in Northern provinces of Iran during 2009 to 2010. Saf Prom Inj Prev. 2015; 3(1): 1-8
  • 14. Mahdian M, Sehat M, Fazel MR, Moraveji A, Mohammadzadeh M. Epidemiology of Urban Traffic Accident Victims Hospitalized More Than 24 Hours in a Level III Trauma Center, Kashan County, Iran, During 2012-2013. Arch Trauma Res. 2015; 4(2)
  • 15. Yousefzadeh Chabok S, Ramezani S, Kouchakinejad L, Saneei Z. Epidemiology of pediatric head trauma in guilan. Arch Trauma Res. 2012; 1(1): 19-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Everett SA, Shults RA, Barrios LC, Sacks JJ, Lowry R, Oeltmann J. Trends and subgroup differences in transportation-related injury risk and safety behaviors among high school students, 1991-1997. J Adolesc Health. 2001; 28(3): 228-34[PubMed]
  • 17. Soori H, Naghavi M. Childhood deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of Iran. Inj Prev. 1998; 4(3): 222-4[PubMed]
  • 18. Roudsari BS, Sharzei K, Zargar M. Sex and age distribution in transport-related injuries in Tehran. Accid Anal Prev. 2004; 36(3): 391-8[PubMed]
  • 19. Adesunkanmi AR, Oginni LM, Oyelami OA, Badru OS. Road traffic accidents to african children: assessment of severity using the injury severity score (ISS). Injury. 2000; 31(4): 225-8[PubMed]
  • 20. Haddadi M, Souri H, Mehrabi Y, Alamdari SH. The role of parental supervision on traffic injuries among 6-9 year old children. J Med Council Islamic Rep Iran. 2007; 25(2): 170-7
  • 21. Mahfozphour S, Soori H, Einy E, Iranfar M, Amiri Z, Hadadi M, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice of children and young adults on road traffic injuries. Journal of Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing & Midwifery. 2011; 20(70)
  • 22. Rasouli MR, Rahimi-Movaghar V, Maheronnaghsh R, Yousefian A, Vaccaro AR. Preventing motor vehicle crashes related spine injuries in children. W j pediatr. 2011; 7(4): 311-7
  • 23. Foroudni F, Janghorbani M. Characteristics of the inner city road traffic casualties in Kerman during 1994. J Kerman Uni MedSci. 1996; 3(1): 35-42
  • 24. Fanian H, Ghadipasha M, Goddousi A, Abedi MH, Farajzadegan Z, Kazemi Robati A. Epidemiologic evaluation of traffic accidents in Isfahan,(2002-2003). scie J Forensic Med. 2007; 13(2): 87-91
  • 25. Montazeri A. Road-traffic-related mortality in Iran: a descriptive study. Public Health. 2004; 118(2): 110-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Mohan D, Hyder AA, Jarawan E, et al. World report on road traffic injury prevention. 2004;
  • 27. Hundley JC, Kilgo PD, Miller PR, Chang MC, Hensberry RA, Meredith JW, et al. Non-helmeted motorcyclists: a burden to society? A study using the National Trauma Data Bank. J Trauma. 2004; 57(5): 944-9[PubMed]
  • 28. Eastridge BJ, Shafi S, Minei JP, Culica D, McConnel C, Gentilello L. Economic impact of motorcycle helmets: from impact to discharge. J Trauma. 2006; 60(5): 978-83[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Allen S, Zhu S, Sauter C, Layde P, Hargarten S. A comprehensive statewide analysis of seatbelt non-use with injury and hospital admissions: new data, old problem. Acad Emerg Med. 2006; 13(4): 427-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Kerwin AJ, Griffen MM, Tepas J3, Schinco MA, Pieper P, Devin T, et al. The burden of noncompliance with seat belt use on a trauma center. J Trauma. 2006; 60(3): 489-92[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Williams AF, Wells JK. The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use. J Safety Res. 2004; 35(2): 175-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Shults RA, Nichols JL, Dinh-Zarr TB, Sleet DA, Elder RW. Effectiveness of primary enforcement safety belt laws and enhanced enforcement of safety belt laws: a summary of the Guide to Community Preventive Services systematic reviews. J Safety Res. 2004; 35(2): 189-96[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Odero W, Garner P, Zwi A. Road traffic injuries in developing countries: a comprehensive review of epidemiological studies. Trop Med Int Health. 1997; 2(5): 445-460[PubMed]
  • 34. Bigdeli M, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Mohammadi R. Pre-hospital care time intervals among victims of road traffic injuries in Iran. A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10: 406[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Haghparast-Bidgoli H, Hasselberg M, Khankeh H, Khorasani-Zavareh D, Johansson E. Barriers and facilitators to provide effective pre-hospital trauma care for road traffic injury victims in Iran: a grounded theory approach. BMC Emerg Med. 2010; 10: 20[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments