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1- Department of vector biology and control, School of Health, kerman University of Medical Science, kerman, Iran
2- Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran ,
3- Environmental Health Engineering Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran 4 Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4- Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran
Abstract:   (1044 Views)
Context: Using various types of pesticides to control of pests and vectors of diseases has a long history in households in over the world. But, the most pesticides are considered toxic to children health and harmful to environment.
Evidence acquisition: Electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed and Scopus were searched using the following search terms children, pesticide residues, risks, leukemia and brain neoplasms. This review was designed to identify the relevant electronic studies published from January 2000 to February 2020.
Results: Children are more susceptible against pesticides due to not fully develop their metabolic processes and, also they are not able to detoxify chemicals. Over than 30% of the global burden of children disease is due to environmental factors, including pesticides. The possibility of children pesticide exposure inside of urban houses is more than outside. In general, children can be exposed to pesticides through two ways direct and indirect contact; direct is hand-to-mouth behavior in daily play and absorb household pesticides and indirect contact such as their parents’ work in hazardous environments and during pregnancy. There is a statistical significance association between pesticide exposure in household and some cancers in children such as leukemia and brain tumors.
Conclusion: Due to positive association between pesticides residues in households and risk of cancers in children, public health policies must be adopted to minimize children exposure to pesticides in urban household.
Full-Text [PDF 648 kb]   (285 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Narrative Review | Subject: Toxicology
Received: 2020/01/8 | Accepted: 2020/04/9 | Published: 2019/07/19

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