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1- Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
2- Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , neurointmed@gmail.com
Abstract:   (291 Views)
Context: Persian Medicine (PM) scientists such as Avicenna (980‑1037 AD), believed that maintaining health without exercise is impossible. So they have written about special rules and various techniques for exercise of different groups such as children. This study aimed to express the PM views about the exercise in children.
Evidence Acquisition: Among the most important references of PM in children's subjects, six books from different centuries were selected. Relevant key words were used to extract related data. Also databases PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar were searched to July 2019 to find common views on physical activity and exercise in children. Extracted materials were thoroughly studied to summarize and categorize to create main themes.
Results: Exercise in PM is very wide-spreading, including massage such as upper and lower limbs from the first hours of life; physical activity like crying for feeding and playing; passive movements for example cradle, shaking and swinging; and proper and frequent experience of mental states and the five senses such as winning or losing, enjoying, listening to music and looking at fine writings. The intensity of exercise varies in different children. Vigorous exercise in children changes the body composition, results in weakness or impairs the growth and development. So, according to Avicenna’s opinion, exercise must be planned individually.
Conclusions: It seems that principles of PM can help to design available, varied, and enjoyable and user friendly exercises for children in all ages.
 
Full-Text [PDF 742 kb]   (158 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Traditional Medicine
Received: 2019/11/28 | Accepted: 2020/03/9

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